Resettlement – the transfer of refugees from thecountry where they have claimed asylum to a safe “third country” – is theresponsibility of international agencies, including Office of the UN HighCommissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).Noting a 17 per cent projected overall increase inneeds next year, the UN agency’s Projected Global Resettlement Needs 2019report warns that access to this “key, durablesolution” for those in need of international protection is extremelylimited.Refugees from 36 nationalities are in need ofresettlement out of a total of 65 internationaloperations, the UNHCRreportstates.For the third year in a row, refugees from Syria areset to have the highest resettlement requirements, at more than 600,000people.This represents a 26 per cent increase on currentneeds.Regionally, Africa is likely to remain the region withthe highest projected resettlement needs next year, led by the DemocraticRepublic of the Congo (DRC).According to the UNHCR report, 163,000 people from DRCwill be in need of international resettlement in 2019 – a 10 per cent increaseon 2018.In South Sudan, meanwhile, continued instability andviolence are behind a 71 per cent increase in needs, with 158,000 individualsout of more than 2.4 million refugees expected to require shelter in a thirdcountry next year.

 

Elsewhere on the African continent, protractedinstability will continue to affect “Congolese, Somalis, Sudanese andEritreans”.In Asia, meanwhile, resettlement needs stand at102,146 – a one per cent increase from 2018.The picture is very different in Europe, where thosein need of shelter in a third country is set to increase by almost 40 per centnext year, from more than 300,000 this year, to some 420,750 in 2019.Over 95 per cent of this requirement is represented bySyrian refugees in Turkey.In the Middle East and North Africa region,resettlement needs are projected at 271,297 people in 2019 – a slight decreasefrom this year.Reflecting the inclusion of “high-risk protectioncases” from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, projected resettlement needs inthe Americas region in 2019 are forecast to rise 123 per cent in 2019, to justover 4,000 people.The need to expand resettlement was acknowledged byall UN Member States in the September 2016 NewYork Declaration for Refugees and Migrants.Despite this, the UNHCR report notes recent“fluctuations” in State resettlement quotas which have seen quotas grow from2012 to 2016, only to see a “steep reversal” in 2017, when only 75,200 refugeeswere offered resettlement globally.Because of this development, the UN refugee agency ispreparing to focus on three major crises in 2019: countries hosting largenumbers of refugees; central Mediterranean migration: and resettlement out ofTurkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt linked to the Syria conflict.

Source: UN News